Timeline


Below is a timeline of a few of the events that happened during the time of our ancestors.

1685 – 88 Reign of King James II.
1689 – 92 Jacobean Rising in Scotland.
1689 – 1702 Reign of King William III & Queen Mary II.
1702 - 14 Reign of Queen Anne.
1714 – 27 Reign of King George I.
1727 – 60 Reign of King George II.
1760 – 1820 Reign of King George III.
1773 Boston Tea Party.
1775 – 83 American War of Independence.
1789 – 99 French Revolution.
1798 Introduction of Income Tax.
1803 – 15 Napoleonic Wars.
1813 Monopoly of the East India Company abolished.
1815 Corn Laws passed to protect British agriculture from cheap imports.
1820 – 30 Reign of King George IV.
1823 Rugby Football invented by William Web Ellis.
1825 John Nash reconstructs Buckingham Palace.
1825 Locomotion No. 1 built by George Stephenson.
1829 Metropolitan Police Force set up by Robert Peel.
1830 – 37 Reign of King William IV.
1831 New London Bridge opened over the River Thames.
1832 Cholera spreads from Sunderland, killing over 20,000 people.
1833 Abolition of slavery throughout the British Empire.
1833 Factory Act passed prohibiting children aged less than nine from working in factories.
1834 Poor Law Act passed creating workhouses for the poor.
1834 Tolpuddle Martyrs transported to Australia.
1834 Fire destroys the Palace of Westminster.
1835 Henry Fox Talbot creates the first photographic negative.
1836 Births, marriages and deaths must be registered by law.
1836 Charles Darwin returns after five year voyage on HMS Beagle.
1837 – 1901 Reign of Queen Victoria.
1839 – 42 First Opium War and Britain gains Hong Kong.
1840 Penny post service begins.
1843 Launch of SS Great Britain, the world's first all metal ship.
1844 Railway building mania starts. 5,000 miles of track are built by 1846.
1845 – 49 Irish potato famine.
1846 Repeal of the Corn Laws.
1851 Great Exhibition in Hyde Park.
1853 Vaccination against smallpox made compulsory.
1853 – 56 Crimean War.
1854 Charge of the Light Brigade.
1854 10,000 die of cholera in London from contaminated water in the Broad Street area.
1858 London came to a standstill in the hot summer because of The Great Stink caused by inadequate sewers.
1858 First trans-Atlantic telegraph service.
1861 – 65 American Civil War.
1871 Great Fire of Chicago.
1871 Trade Unions legalised.
1875 Sir Joseph Bazalgette completes new sewers in London following The Great Stink of 1858.
1876 Graham Bell demonstrates the telephone.
1879 Zulu War
1884 Third Reform Act gives all adult men the vote.
1888 The Jack the Ripper killings.
1891 Free schooling introduced.
1899 – 1901 Boxer Rebellion in China.
1899 – 1902 Boer War in South Africa.
1901 – 10 Reign of King Edward VII.
1905 Motor buses first used in London.
1907 Taxi-cabs are legally recognized in Britain for the first time.
1907 Parliament rejects Channel Tunnel scheme. Finally opens 6th May 1994.
1908 Pensions introduced for over 70’s with a weekly income less than 10 shillings (50 pence).
1908 The Children’s Act establishes separate juvenile courts to try children.
1909 Introduction of Labour Exchanges.
1910 – 36 Reign of King George V
1911 National Insurance Act provides sickness & unemployment benefits.
1912 RMS Titanic sinks with the loss of more than 1,500 passengers and crew.
1914 – 18 World War 1.
1917 – 23 Russian Civil War.
1918 The Reform Act gives votes to women over 30.
1919 – 21 Irish War of Independence.
1920 World wide flu epidemic kills 20 million people.
1922 The British Broadcasting Company starts radio transmissions.
1927 – 49 Chinese Civil War.
1928 Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin.td>
1928 All women over the age of 21 get the vote.
1929 Start of the Great Depression which lasted almost 10 years.
1932 George V makes the first annual Christmas broadcast on radio.
1935 Robert Watson-Watt demonstrates Radar.
1936 – 39 Spanish Civil War.
1936 Jarrow crusade of unemployed marches on London.
1936 Reign of King Edward VIII – abdicates in December.
1936 The BBC inaugurates the world’s first television service.
1936 – 52 Reign of King George VI.
1937 Frank Whittle invents the jet engine.
1939 – 45 World War 2.
1948 National Health Service establishes free medical treatment.
1950 – 53 Korean War.
1952 Reign of Queen Elizabeth II.
1955 – 75 Vietnam War.
1967 Capital punishment abolished in the UK for murder.
1971 Decimal currency is introduced on February 15th.
1973 Britain joins the European Community.
1989 Fall of the Berlin Wall and end of the Cold War.
1993 European Parliament comes into force.
1994 Opening of the Channel Tunnel on 6th May between England and France.
1997 Hong Kong reverts to China after 155 years of British rule.
2007 Queen Elizabeth II becomes the oldest ever reigning British monarch.
2008 World-wide banking crisis. Government has to bail out two major British banks.
2015 Queen Elizabeth II becomes the longest reigning UK monarch.
2016 Britain voted to leave the European Union. This became known as Brexit.
2019 A novel coronavirus, officially known as COVID-19, was first identified in Wuhan, China.
2020 Britain formally leaves the European Union.
2020 The coronavirus, COVID-19, rapidly spreads and is declared a pandemic, resulting in countries imposing travel restrictions and self-isolation to reduce the spread of the virus.


| HOME | EMAIL |


(C) M.T. Gibbs March 2020